Insights into Psychology Series

What is... the five-factor model of personality

What Is… The Five-Factor Model of Personality (The Big Five)

In this series, I dig a little deeper into the meaning of psychology-related terms. This week’s term is the five-factor model of personality. These factors are often referred to as the Big Five. Personality traits are characteristics that are stable across time and across contexts. The five-factor model includes five personality trait dimensions. These are: …

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Insights into psychology series: What is a logical fallacy

What Is… a Logical Fallacy

In this series, I dig a little deeper into the meaning of psychology-related terms. This week we’re going to look at logical fallacies. Logical fallacies are reasoning errors that people make quite commonly when making arguments. While such fallacies don’t necessarily mean that the conclusion is wrong, they’re a weak link in the argument, and …

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What Is... Series (Insights into Psychology)

What Is… the Illusion of Causality

In this series, I dig a little deeper into the meaning of psychology-related terms. This week’s term is the illusion of causality. The illusion of causality is a cognitive bias that makes us see causal relationships between things that aren’t actually related. This often comes into play in superstitions and pseudoscience. We naturally look for …

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What Is... Series (Insights into Psychology)

What Is… a Paraphilic Disorder

In this series, I dig a little deeper into the meaning of psychology-related terms. This week, we’ll look at paraphilic disorders. Paraphilias involve atypical patterns of sexual arousal. Paraphilic disorders are a more extreme version of paraphilias, involving arousal patterns that are a) intense and persistent and b) cause significant distress or functional impairment or …

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Insights into psychology series: What is... melancholic depression

What is… Melancholic Depression

In this series, I dig a little deeper into the meaning of psychological terms. This week’s term is melancholic depression, also known as depression with melancholic features. The word melancholia comes from the Greek for black bile, part of the ancient four humours medical belief system. In the 5th century BCE, Hippocrates first identified melancholia as …

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Insights into psychology series: What is apophenia

What Is… Apophenia (Finding Patterns Where None Exist)

In this series, I dig a little deeper into the meaning of psychology-related terms. This week’s term is apophenia. Apophenia is a type of cognitive bias involving the tendency to find patterns where they don’t actually exist, i.e. in things that are unrelated or random. It was first described by neurologist Klaus Conrad in 1958 …

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Insights into psychology series: What is the frequency illusion

What Is… the Frequency Illusion (Baader-Meinhof Phenomenon)

In this series, I dig a little deeper into the meaning of psychology-related terms. This week’s term is the frequency illusion, also known as the Baader-Meinhof phenomenon. Do you ever find that once you start to notice something, all of a sudden, it’s happening a lot? There’s a name for that; it’s a type of …

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