Psychiatric Diagnosis

What's new in the DSM-5-TR? - cover of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

What’s New in the DSM-5-TR?

In March of this year, the American Psychiatric Association came out with the DSM-5-TR, the text revision of the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. Text revisions have changes that are less significant than the changes between editions, and the DSM-IV was also followed by the DSM-IV-TR. So, what do …

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What Is... Series (Insights into Psychology)

What Is… a Paraphilic Disorder

In this series, I dig a little deeper into the meaning of psychology-related terms. This week, we’ll look at paraphilic disorders. Paraphilias involve atypical patterns of sexual arousal. Paraphilic disorders are a more extreme version of paraphilias, involving arousal patterns that are a) intense and persistent and b) cause significant distress or functional impairment or …

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Insights into psychology series: What is... melancholic depression

What is… Melancholic Depression

In this series, I dig a little deeper into the meaning of psychological terms. This week’s term is melancholic depression, also known as depression with melancholic features. The word melancholia comes from the Greek for black bile, part of the ancient four humours medical belief system. In the 5th century BCE, Hippocrates first identified melancholia as …

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Seasonal affective disorder (depression/bipolar with seasonal features)

What Is… Seasonal Affective Disorder

In this series, I dig a little deeper into the meaning of psychological terms. This week’s term is seasonal affective disorder. Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a subtype of depression or bipolar with symptoms that occur based on a seasonal pattern. It was first described in 1984 as the result of an American study of mostly …

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Conversion disorder: Functional neurological symptom disorder characteristics

What Is… Conversion Disorder

In this series, I dig a little deeper into the meaning of psychological terms. This week’s term is conversion disorder, now known as functional neurological symptom disorder. Conversion disorder is a type of somatic disorder that involves the conversion of mental illness into neurological-type symptoms, involving sensory and/or motor impairments. In the DSM-5, the name …

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The many faces of depression - watercolour images of eyes

The Many Faces of Depression

Depression – it’s one word to describe so many different things. The many faces of depression means that no one person’s experience can ever capture what depression is. It’s a simple word for a complex illness, so let’s chat a bit about what that complexity can look like. Major depressive episode symptoms The possible symptoms …

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What Is... Series (Insights into Psychology)

What Is… Reactive Attachment Disorder

In this series, I dig a little deeper into the meaning of psychology-related terms. This week’s term is reactive attachment disorder. The DSM-5 classifies reactive attachment disorder (RAD) as a trauma-related disorder that develops in early childhood as a result of severe neglect and maltreament. It’s been observed in children whose parents have an illness …

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What Is... Series (Insights into Psychology)

What Is… Delusional Disorder

In this series, I dig a little deeper into the meaning of psychology-related terms. This week’s term is delusional disorder. Delusional disorder falls within the DSM-5 group of psychotic disorders, which also includes schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder. However, it’s different, in that its effects are much more compartmentalized. In delusional disorder, the delusional beliefs are …

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What Is... Series (Insights into Psychology)

What Is… Selective Mutism

In this series, I dig a little deeper into the meaning of psychology-related terms. This week’s term is selective mutism. Selective mutism (SM) is a rare disorder that begins in childhood and is characterized by an inability to speak in select social contexts (hence the “selective” part of the name). It used to be called …

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What Is... Series (Insights into Psychology)

What Is… Avoidant/Restrictive Food Intake Disorder (ARFID)

In this series, I dig a little deeper into the meaning of psychology-related terms. This week’s term is avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder. Avoidant/restrictive food intake disorder (ARFID) is a type of eating disorder that involves restricting food intake, not with the aim of weight loss, but more along the lines of picky eating twisted to …

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