Have you aligned your chakras today? Or perhaps you’ve wondered if the whole chakra craze is a bit over the top, or whether chakras or real or just conceptual. If you’ve read any of my other articles on pseudoscience, maybe you can guess what my take on the matter is.
Traditional concept of chakras
The concept of chakras first emerged in India in the first century BCE, in Hindu and then later in Buddhist texts. The physical body was seen as distinct from the “subtle body,” which was thought to consist of energy. Chakras were described as psychic energy nodes, with energy channels running between them.
The number of major chakras differs based on the source, ranging from four (most common in Buddhist traditions) to seven (most common in Hindu traditions). The chakras were aligned vertically from the head down the body.
The most commonly used seven chakra system, moving from the head down, consists of:
- Saharara (at the crown): represents pure consciousness
- Ajna (between the eyebrows): the third-eye chakra, a subtle energy centre
- Vishuddha (throat): represents space
- Anahata (heart): represents air and the union of male and female
- Manipura (navel): associated with fire
- Svadhishthana (root of sexual organs): associated with water
- Muladhara (base of spine): all sounds, words, and mantras rest here
Each chakra is also associated with a particular Hindu deity and seed syllable. In Buddhism, the four chakras correspond to the Four Noble Truths.
Aside from the kundalini form of yoga, which aims to manipulate the flow of subtle energy moving through the chakras, the concept of chakras didn’t play a central role in classical yoga. In recent years, though, chakras have come to play a much larger role.
New age adaptation
The New Age interpretation of chakras adds colours, moving from violet at the crown down to red at the base of the spine. These are visible in the image above. In crystal healing, crystals may be matched up with chakras based on colour.
The chakras are believed to spin, drawing in life force energy to maintain balance between the spiritual, mental, emotional, and physical elements.
New Age guru Deepak Chopra’s Chopra Center website has this to say:
“Since everything is moving, it’s essential that our seven main chakras stay open, aligned, and fluid. If there is a blockage, energy flows are restricted. Think of something as simple as your bathtub drain. If you allow too much hair to go into the drain, the bathtub will back up with water, stagnate and eventually bacteria and mold will grow. So is too with our bodies and the chakras.”
The article also gets fairly specific about the body structures associated with each chakra; for example, the muladhara covers the first three vertebrae, the bladder, and the colon. If that chakra is blocked, constipation could result.
In an article for MBGmindfulness, Chopra writes that the manipura chakra, also known as the solar plexus chakra, is associated with “The Law of Intention and Desire,” which sounds like another name for the law of attraction (which I’ve previously done a debunking post about).
Real or pseudoscience?
My impression is that the chakra system was chugging along quite nicely for a few thousand years as a mostly spiritual concept. It was a way of understanding at a time when no one was in any sort of position to know whether there was any literal truth to the concept. As is quite natural for a spiritual concept, there were some differences in how it was applied in different faiths. Those differences would not be expected if it was, in fact, literal truth.
Then along came the New Age folks, who waved the woo-woo wand to rainbow-ify the chakras, add some jargon, explain your constipation, give you a crystal-matching system, and plunk a nice little bow on it all in the form of the law of attraction.
I’ve managed to live a fairly woo-woo-free existence, and I think the first time I really heard much about chakras was when I started doing yoga. I didn’t initially realize that the New Agers have really shaped how chakras are talked about in popular culture.
In terms of science, there never was any science to support it. That wasn’t the purpose of the spiritual concept of chakras. It sounds like it’s really just in the New Age conceptualization that people have gotten very literal with it, suggesting that it’s based on actual science in ways that it is not, never was, and never will be.
So, spiritual perspective? Yes. Moldy bathtub? Not so much.
- Chopra, D. (2020). The spiritual laws that govern each of the 7 chakras. MBGmindfulness.
- Shah, P. (2020). A primer of the chakra system. The Chopra Center.
- Wikipedia: Chakra
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