Psychological Tests

Psychological tests

A good question can get you thinking about yourself in ways that never might have crossed your mind before. A good psychological test will promote self-reflection, and may help you gain insights into the state of your mental health. This page includes a range of tests related to mental health that will hopefully help get you thinking.

What is... insights into psychology

For more info on psychology, the Insights Into Psychology series page gives an overview of all of the psychological terms that have been covered in the series.

How to use & interpret psychological tests

Psychometric tests are used for a wide variety of purposes. Some scales are used mostly in research, while others might be used regularly in mental health practice.

What sets scientifically developed tests apart from a quiz you take on a random internet site is the validation work that’s gone into it. Validation involves administering the test to relevant population groups, and checking things like whether the test actually measures what it’s supposed to and whether scores are consistent when you recheck people a short time later. There’s more on this in the post What Is… Psychological Testing.

It’s easy to find quizzes online, but for this page I wanted to focus primarily on scales that have been scientifically validated. Because of that, some of these measures aren’t designed for ease of use, so they may not calculate scores for you. Some of the tests that are more geared towards research won’t tell you what a given score means, because it’s most useful for comparison purposes. You won’t have someone else to compare yourself to, but your score can still provide a basis for self-reflection, and you can see patterns in your responses over time.

Screening tests

Screening tests are intended to cast a wide net and capture people who might have a condition. They put you in a general ballpark, but they can’t, nor are they intended to, get any more specific than that.

With any sort of test like this, an appropriate balance needs to be struck between whether it’s more appropriate to have false negatives or false positives. With a screening test, false positives are okay, because you don’t want to be missing out on identifying people with the condition that could be getting false negatives. However, with tests used for clinical purposes, such as diagnosis, false positives would be much more problematic.

Psychological tests can’t diagnose you

Psychological tests capture a snapshot of a particular aspect of you. Diagnosis of an illness requires far more context than just that snapshot, but the snapshot can serve as a jumping off point. The key is to be open with your treatment provider, because the better they can understand what you’re going through, the more accurate an assessment they’ll be able to make.

Other places to find mental health tests

As mentioned early, being really user-friendly isn’t what the tests listed here are necessarily aiming for. Here are a few places you can go to find tests that are designed with you, the user, in mind:

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Psychological tests

  • Chronotype: Circadian Energy Scale (CIRENS): measures whether you’re a morning or a night person
  • Grit: Grit Scale – researcher Angela Duckworth defines grit as the “combination of passion and perseverance for a singularly important goal”
  • Identity: Aspects of Identity Questionnaire (AIQ-IV): looks at personal, relational, social, and collective identity orientations.
  • Mindfulness: Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire: identifies five aspects of mindfulness – observing, describing, acting with awareness, non-judging of inner experiences, and non-reactivity to inner experience
  • Obsessions & compulsions: Obsessive Compulsive Inventory short form (OCI-R)
  • Rape myth attitudes: Acceptance of Modern Myths About Sexual Aggression (AMMSA): measures buy-in to rape myths
  • Scrupulosity: Penn Inventory of Scrupulosity (PIOS): measures psychological discomfort arising from the belief that one is sinful
  • Sleeprelated thoughts: Anxiety and Preoccupation about Sleep Questionnaire (APSQ) looks about problematic thoughts that may be interfering with sleep
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Tests Related to Psychiatric Diagnoses

Addictions
  • Situation Temptation Scale: measures temptation in the areas of negative mood, social/positive situations, cravings, and physical concerns, with scales for alcohol, drugs, and smoking
Anxiety
  • Generalized anxiety disorder screener (GAD-7)
  • Hamilton Anxiety Scale (HAM-A)
  • Penn State Worry Questionnaire (PSWQ)

Social anxiety

  • Brief Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale (BFNE)
  • Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale (LSAS)
  • Self-Consciousness Scale (SCS-R): measures private and public self-consciousness and social anxiety
  • Shyness Scale: shyness is a personality trait, not an illness (read more here), although there may be some minor areas of overlap with social anxiety
  • Social Anxiety Questionnaire for Adults (SAQ-A30)
  • Social Interaction Anxiety Scale (SIAS)
  • Social Phobia Inventory (SPIN)
Autism
  • Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ): a 50-item screening test
  • Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ-10): a brief screening test
  • Empathy Quotient (EQ-40): measures ability to understand what others are feeling
  • Systemizing Quotient (SQ): drive to understand underlying rules governing a system
Borderline personality disorder
  • Borderline Evaluation of Severity over Time (BEST): 15-item scale with three sections: thoughts/feelings, negative behaviours, and positive behaviours
  • Borderline Symptom List (BSL-23): 23 items, used for tracking fluctuations in symptoms over time
  • Borderline Symptom List (BSL-95): longer, 95-item version; link is to a PDF download
  • DBT Ways of Coping Checklist (DBT-WCCL): looks at strategies that you’re used recently to cope with stressful situations
  • Reasons for Living Scale (short form and long form): this tool developed by Marsha Linehan isn’t actually specific to BPD; it looks at things that might stop you from acting on thoughts of suicide
Depression
  • Clinically Useful Depression Outcome Scale (CUDOS): questions are a close match to the DSM-5 symptoms of depression
  • Depression Anxiety Stress Scales (DASS): measures both depression and anxiety
  • Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAM-D)
  • Patent Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9): this screening test is part of the PRIME-MD screening tool that was developed by Pfizer
  • Quick Inventory of Depression Symptomatology Self-Report (QIDS-SR)
PTSD & dissociation
  • Dissociative Subtype of PTSD Scale (DSPS): this measures the prominence of dissociative symptoms in PTSD
  • Inventory of Psychosocial Functioning (IPF): looks at functional ability across a number of major life domains, not specific to PTSD
  • Posttraumatic Maladaptive Beliefs Scale (PMBS)
  • PTSD Checklist for DSM-5 (PCL-5)
  • PTSD Scale-Self Report for DSM-5 (PSS-SR5)

Tests Related to Avoidance & Coping Behaviours

Avoidance
  • Avoidance Strategy Questionnaire (ASQ): looks at how you would respond to an unwelcome request from your partner
  • Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FABQ): the focus is on avoidance related to pain
  • Multidimensional Experiential Avoidance Questionnaire (MEAQ): broken down into several scales — behavioural avoidance, distress aversion, procrastination, distraction & suppression, repression & denial, and distress endurance
  • Subtle Avoidance Frequency Examination (SAFE): this scale looks at avoidance behaviours in social situations
Coping
  • COPE Inventory: measures different approaches to coping, including both constructive and destructive

Cognition, Thinking Styles

  • Automatic Thoughts Questionnaire (ATQ): measures the frequency and degree of belief of automatic negative thoughts about the self
  • Cognitive Flexibility Scale (CFS)
  • IQ test: the Open-Source Psychometrics Project has a full scale IQ test
  • Rational Experiential Inventory (REI): measures intuitive and logical thinking styles

Emotions

  • Emotional regulation: Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS)

Interpersonal

  • Attachment: read about attachment theory here
    • Measure of Attachment Qualities (MAQ) is a short 14-item scale on attachment styles
  • Cooperativeness/competitiveness: Cooperative/Competitive Strategy Scale (CCSS)
  • Disagreement: Tolerance For Disagreement Scale (TFD)
  • Loneliness: Loneliness Assessment Scale (UPLAS): click on “run a demo” to take the test
  • Rejection: Rejection Sensitivity Questionnaire (RSQ): asks about situations that might typically come up for a college student
  • Social intelligence: Tromsø Social Intelligence Scale (TSIS): measures social information processing, social skills, and social awareness

Personality

General personality tests

  • IPIP-NEO: a free test based on the International Personality Item Pool, it’s available in a short a 120-item version and a full-length 300-item online test.  The IPIP-NEO breaks down the neuroticism score into six facets: anxiety, anger, depression, self-consciousness, immoderation, and vulnerability.
  • Synthetic Aperture Personality Assessment (SAPA): a 250-item test that covers domains including temperament, abilities, and interests. The results include scores on 27 narrow personality traits as well as the “Big Five.”
The big five theory of personality
Big Five personality traitsAnna Tunikova for peats.de and Wikipedia
  • Fisher Temperament Inventory: this 62-item test is based on the theory that behaviour is influenced by four key neurotransmitter systems, involving dopamine, serotonin, testosterone, and estrogen

Specific personality traits

  • Dark triad: a group of personality traits (narcissism, psychopathy, and Machiavellianism) that are associated with antisocial behaviour. Read more about the dark triad here. Related tests include:
    • Short Dark Triad Scale
    • Mach-IV test for Machiavellianism
    • Narcissistic Personality Inventory (NPI-16): measures subclinical narcissism, which doesn’t meet the threshold for narcissistic personality disorder
  • Histrionic traits
    • Brief Histrionic Personality Inventory (BHPS)
  • Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5): measures a number of personality traits that could potentially be related to personality disorders

Self-criticism & Self-esteem

  • Self-compassion:
  • Self-criticism:
    • Forms of Self-Criticizing/Attacking and Self-Reassuring Scale (FSCRS): looks at how you react when things go wrong for you
    • Functions of Self-Criticizing/Attacking Scale (FSCS): looks at why you self-criticize
  • Self-esteem:
    • Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale (RSES)
    • State Self-Esteem Scale (SSES)
  • Self-worth:
    • Contingencies of Self-Worth Scale – measures how much self-worth is dependent on various factors; some of the questions are specifically about school, but many of them are more general
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